N95口罩是用来阻隔95% 的0.3μ微粒,而H1N1病毒的大小是0.1μ左右。所以,靠N95口罩防H1N1就像用蚊帐来挡雨。

Tamiflu does not kill but prevents H1N1 from further proliferation till the virus limits itself in about 1-2 weeks (its natural cycle).H1N1, like other Influenza A viruses, only infects the upper respiratory tract and proliferates (only) there. The only portals of entry are the nostrils and mouth/ throat. In a global epidemic of this nature, it’s almost impossible not coming into contact with H1N1 in spite of all precautions. 流感疫苗不是用来杀死H1N1病毒,它只能抑制病毒在其1-2周的自然生存周期中繁衍,H1N1跟其他A型流感的病毒一样,感染部位只限于上呼吸道,并在那繁殖,它的唯一入侵途径是口鼻喉,这种全球性的流感,几乎无人能置身事外。

Contact with H1N1 is not so much of a problem as proliferation is. 但接触到H1N1病毒,并不像H1N1传染的问题那么严重。

While you are still healthy and not showing any symptoms of H1N1 infection, in order to prevent proliferation, aggravation of symptoms and development of secondary infections, some very simple steps - not fully highlighted in most official communications- can be practiced (instead of focusing on how to stock N95 or Tamiflu): 当你身体健康,尚未出现H1N1感染症状时,更实用有效的办法(而不是只关注储备N95或流感疫苗),是用以下几种简单的方式来避免少量的H1N1病毒在你体内(如果有接触到的话)繁殖、出现病症、及恶化成二期感染:

  1. Frequent hand-washing (well highlighted in all official communications).     常洗手(在所有的官方警示中,都有重点强调)  
  2. “Hands-off-the-face” approach. Resist all temptations to touch any part of face (unless you want to eat or bathe).     手绝不碰脸,除非是吃东西和洗脸。

  3. Gargle twice a day with warm salt water (use Listerine if you don’t trust salt). H1N1 takes 2-3 days after initial infection in the throat/nasal cavity to proliferate and show characteristic symptoms. Simple gargling prevents proliferation. In a way, gargling with salt water has the same effect on a healthy individual that Tamiflu has on an infected one. Don’t underestimate this simple, inexpensive and powerful preventative method.   每天用温盐水(或李斯德林漱口水,如果你不太相信盐水有效的话)漱口两次。H1N1在鼻喉腔内经过2-3天,才开始增生并出现症候,简单的盐水漱口可以抑制病毒繁衍,等于是健康人的流感疫苗,千万不要小看这看似简单、花费不多,但是很有效的办法。

  4. Similar to 3 above, clean your nostrils at least once every day with warm salt water. Not everybody may be good at Jala Neti or Sutra Neti (very good Yoga asanas to clean nasal cavities), but blowing the nose hard once a day and swabbing both nostrils with cotton buds dipped in warm salt water is very effective in bringing down viral population.     以上三点之外,每天用温盐水清洗鼻孔至少一次,不是每个人都会用专业的清洗鼻腔的办法,但吸口气用力将鼻内物质喷出,最后以棉花棒沾温盐水清洁鼻孔 。这对降低鼻中的病毒量非常有效。

  5. Boost your natural immunity with foods that are rich in Vitamin C (Such as other citrus fruits). If you have to supplement with Vitamin C tablets, make sure that it also has Zinc to boost absorption.    更多的食用富含维他命C的食物(如柑橘类的水果),可增加自身免疫力。如果只能服务Vc片,尽管选用含锌的以提高Vc的吸收。

  6. Drink as much of warm liquids as you can. Drinking warm liquids has the same effect as gargling, but in the reverse direction. They wash off proliferating viruses from the throat into the stomach where they cannot survive, proliferate or do any harm.     多喝温开水或热汤,功效和漱口一样,只是方向相反。随着热水或汤水被喝到胃里的病毒是无法生存、传染或发作的。

  7. All these are simple ways to prevent, within means of most households, and certainly much less painful than to wait in long queues outside public hospitals.    这些都是在家里就做得到的简便预防法,远比痛苦地排长队在医院候诊好得多。